Ladakh is the best place to experience the bound of beauty in India. It is known as the ‘Land of the High Passes’. This region situated in the Indian state of Jammu & Kashmir to the extended glacier of the Karakoram Range. It is linked to the highest mountains the Great Himalayas to the south and Karakoram region. Leh is the largest town in Ladakh following Kargil.
Basically, Ladakh culture is linked up to Buddhism and Tibetan culture. It gives an outlook of unique Indian Tibetan walls as well as Buddhism linings.
How to Reach: By Air Leh airport, By Bus from Srinagar and Manali, By Bike, Leh-Srinagar highway, Leh-Manali highway, nearest airport connected to Leh is IGI Delhi.
Best Time to Visit: Mid-September to Mid-October.
Culture in Leh Ladakh
Leh Ladakh contains Buddhist lifestyle of nature. Centuries ago Buddhist monasteries built and bring tourists to Leh Ladakh. Beautiful ancient scripted large pillars symbol of peace impact deep on tourists’ heart. They present the ethnicity, culture & lifestyle of various festivals. The culture & lifestyle supports the tourist in the state of Jammu and Kashmir.
People of Ladakh
The people of Leh Ladakh originally belong from the Indo Aryan ethnicity. While people who migrated from Tibet followed up their religion in Leh Ladakh. Mostly the central Ladakh area people live by Tibetan peoples. The eastern end of Ladakh and Nubra valley contains the Muslim population. Regarding the west area, the Afghans population intermingled with local community people residing since there for years now.
Mainly original population of Ladakh belongs to Dards those who are Indo Aryan. But Tibetan people settle here and now it’s the population of Tibetans larger than Dards. Muslim communities in Ladakh known as Arghons who are resulted in the interconnection with other Kashmiris populations.
The Leh Ladakh people follow Tibetan culture close to with Tibet. Thukpa and Tsammpo are the most known cuisines in Ladakh. Nowadays people are influenced by Central Asian cuisine styles than among all. The architecture is also influenced by the Tibetan style. The religion of state follows by both influencers of Tibetan and Buddhist culture religion.
Not only culture but also influences the lifestyle in Leh Ladakh. Throughout the year people engage in gompas and monastic rituals. Women equally enjoy independence as a man both within and outside of the home. They equally take part in various religions and social gatherings of childbirth, festivals, and marriages. The most appreciated fact that women have given privilege regarding all rights, freedom, and respect in Ladakh as compared to other northern states.
- Sham Valley
Hall of Fame – The construction done by the Indian Army. The buildings scripted with eminent defense personalities, biographies, images and weapons use in the Kargil war. All weapons images depict to the belongings of the enemy soldiers of the war.
- Gurudwara Pathar Sahib – A Gurudwara Pathar Sahib built-in 1517. It was constructed in the memory of Guru Nanak away from Leh about 25 miles and 3600mtrs. The Gurudwara opens from 6:00 am to 7:00 pm all the days of the week. People bow down at the holy shrine to seek for blessings. Langer distributed in the form of food. People do Seva distributing food, wash dishes, cooking food with full devotion. Indian Army takes care of the Gurudwara.
- Sangam (Confluence) – The Confluence located in the Ladakh at Nimu. Both the rivers Indus and Zanskar runs along by side. The rivers merged with each other to form a beautiful flown together.
- Magnetic Hill – Magnetic Hill located on the Leh – Srinagar national highway around 27km from Leh. This place is popular for magnetic hill feature which draws stationary vehicles up the slope defying law of gravity. Even instance of vehicles gathering speed of 20km per hour have also been observed. It is the most popular attraction among tourists in Sham Valley.
- Shanti Stupa
Shanti Stupa is the most peaceful and spiritual Buddhist monuments place. It is located on a hill in Changspa Leh. You can see the beautiful sunrise and sunset panoramic landscape views. The monument constructed in 1991 by Japanese BuddhistBhikshuGyomo Nakamura. Stupa is divided into two parts firstly Buddha idol depicting Buddha birth, death and about defeating of the devils. Another level indicates all the teachings of Buddha. Regarding constructed with white – dome Tibetan structure devoted to Buddhism.
- Khardugla La – Pass
Khardungla Pass denotes ‘Pass of Lower Castle’ located away from Leh to the Nubra Valley in Ladakh. Consider as the highest Motorable Road in the world as signs put up by the Border Roads Organization. Khardunga Pass is the gateway to the north Nurba and Shyok Valley and most comfortable time to visit in summer season between May to September. Don’t miss to enjoy the Maggie at the highest point of Khardunga – La.
- Nubra Valley
Nuba Valley is the highest Motorable road of Khardungla Pass in the world. Nubra Valley average altitude is about of 10000 feet. White Sand Dunes (camel ride) at Hunder popular among Nubra Valley known as the Orchard of Ladakh. They offer Arabian nights like two – humped camels to the tourists. Diskit consider to be the largest and oldest monastery in valley, tri – armed valley to the northeast. It has become the commercial hub and pasture on the landscape roadside of the village called Chamba showing beautiful view of pink and yellow roses in summer while lavender carpets in post monsoon weather. Nubra Valley remains close in the cold snow conditions.
Turtuk is a beautiful village in Nubra Valley, inhabited by a mix of Mangaols and Aryans. It is situated on thebanks of Shayok River & between the mountains of Karakoram and Himalayan ranges. The village contains approximately 25000 populations. It is a open village to foreign as well as domestic tourists. On 21st March, Turtuk Ladakh people celebrate Nawroz festival with traditional music, folk songs, dances and polo matches every year. The village has amazing view of apricot trees, plots of canals of fresh water and patches of vegetables. Old Turtuk Mosque lies in the center of Turtuk You. It has a unique feature of wooden minart with spiral staircase. The Indian Army took care of the villagers.
Pan gong Lake is the famous lake taken for several shooting films.It is also known as “High Grassland Lake”. Consider to be the highest saltwater lakes in the world about the altitude of 14,270 above sea level. The lake is approximately 300 feet deep inside. You can walk also on the frozen lake in the winter. The changing colors of the lake into blue, green and red looks attractive.
Camp at lakeside at night presented glittering sky with awesome weather. Enjoying delicious food under moonlight can be a perfect romantic date for you. Start your morning with the bright sunrise at the lakeside. Most pretty view of chanting & migrating birds beautiful attraction on the lake.
Visit the Chang La Pass the world’s third-highest pass in India. Changthang is a wildlife sanctuary to see wildlife animals and capture their images.
- Tso Moriri
Tso Moriri Lake located in the Changthang region of Ladakh. It is one of the most beautiful and calm lakes in India. It lies under the Ramsar site part of the wetland known as the Tsomoriri Wetland Conservation Reserve. It is considered to be the highest altitude of 4595m lake in Indian territory. About7km wide in broadness and around 19km long. You were not allowed to construct dams near the banks of the lake. It considers the highest Ramsar site in the world. The place contains natural vegetation of flora and fauna offers you multi – shades of blues of the lake with picturesque landscape romantic view. But the place is difficult to survive in winter. Tso Moriri is situated around about 240 KMs from Leh town of Ladakh. Tso Moriri Lake is also connected with Pan gong Lake. This island lies in an isolated place where you found peace. You will get to see various species such as Brahmin ducks, bar-headed geese and the Tibetan wolves.